Rethinking Patient Consent in the Era of Artificial Intelligence and Big Data

      Electronic data allow health care workers and industry to analyze large data sets for population health and to develop artificial intelligence (AI) tools. Researchers may find patterns in the data to prevent disease, understand disease risk and cause, improve diagnosis, develop new treatments, improve patient safety, and evaluate health care policy. These new uses of massive amounts of patient data often result in retrospective data mining for purposes not anticipated when patients consented to allow their data to be used [
      • Balthazar P.
      • Harri P.
      • Prater A.
      • Safdar N.M.
      Protecting your patients’ interests in the era of big data, artificial intelligence, and predictive analytics.
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